The city of Jeddah was an important port during Nabataeans frankincense trade .The oldest Mashrabiya was found in jeddah dates back to pre Islamic era .
However, Jeddah has remained as key civilian harbor, serving fishermen and sea travelling pilgrims to Hajj.
it is also believed that Sharifdom of Mecca; an honorary Viceroy to the holyland.
According to eastern folk belief, the tomb of Eve, considered the grandmother of humanity, is located in Jeddah.
The tomb was sealed with concrete by religious authorities in 1975 due to some Muslims praying at the site.
However, it is not historically confirmed that Jeddah it self was attacked by Qarmatians too.
However, Ikhshidids, the new power in Egypt took control of Hejaz in early 935.was first appointed in this period of the Islamic Caliphate.Abbassids, the new superpower, became the new successor to the Umayyad.Some historians trace its founding to the tribe of Bani Quda'ah, who inhabited it after the collapse of Sad (dam) Ma'rib in 115 BC.Some believe that Jeddah had been inhabited before the tribe of Bani Quda'ah by fishermen in the Red Sea, who considered it a center from which they sailed out into the sea as well as a place for relaxation and well-being.Umayyads have inherited the entire Rashidun Caliphate including Hejaz and ruled from 661AD to 750AD.