It is the Sun god who transcends time and who rotates the Wheel of Time.Hindus believe that bathing in the Ganges can result in forgiveness of sins and help in the attainment of salvation.In the first centuries of Christianity Easter was by far the most significant Christian holiday (holy day) and Christmas was not a holiday at all.
Year-end celebrations in which masters acted as slaves and slaves acted as if they were masters became popular in several regions of the Mediterranean.
The festival was transformed into the Persian Yalda ("birth") winter solstice celebration, which remains a social occasion in present-day Islamic Iran.
In mid-autumn Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs celebrate Diwali, the "festival of lights" signifying the victory of light over darkness (and of knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, and hope over despair).
The Chinese Dongzhi ("extreme of winter") Festival is viewed within the Yang and Yin philosophy as a time of returning of positive energy associated with lengthening daylight hours.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the Winter Solstice occurs around December 21st, when the Sun is at its greatest distance below the celestial equator.
The Spring Equinox occurs around March 21st when the sun crosses the celestial equator, and days have the same duration as nights ("equinox" comes from a Latin word meaning "time of equal days and nights").
The Sun is associated with yang (male), whereas the Moon & Earth are associated with yin (female).
Family gatherings and reunions with feasting are the traditional means of celebration.
Lighted candles and winter fires were used by sun-worshippers to encourage the rebirth of the Sun (as if some feared that days would continue to get shorter until the Sun ceased to return).