George Bernard Shaw was born in Synge Street, Dublin in 1856 to George Carr Shaw (1814–85), whose father was Bernard Shaw, an unsuccessful grain merchant and sometime civil servant, and Lucinda Elizabeth Shaw, née Gurly (1830–1913), a professional singer.
He earned his allowance by ghostwriting Vandeleur Lee’s music column, In the course of his political activities he met Charlotte Payne-Townshend, an Irish heiress and fellow Fabian; they married in 1898.
In 1906 the Shaws moved into a house, now called Shaw’s Corner, in Ayot St.
Shaw married Charlotte Payne-Townshend, a fellow Fabian, whom he survived. He is the only person to have been awarded both a Nobel Prize for Literature (1925) and an Oscar (1938), for his contributions to literature and for his work on the film Shaw wanted to refuse his Nobel Prize outright because he had no desire for public honors, but accepted it at his wife’s behest: she considered it a tribute to Ireland.
He did reject the monetary award, requesting it be used to finance translation of Swedish books to English.
Although his first profitable writing was music and literary criticism, in which capacity he wrote many highly articulate pieces of journalism, his main talent was for drama, and he wrote more than 60 plays.
Nearly all his writings deal sternly with prevailing social problems, but have a vein of comedy to make their stark themes more palatable.
Lawrence, a small village in Hertfordshire; it was to be their home for the remainder of their lives, although they also maintained a residence at 29 Fitzroy Square in London. By the end of the decade he was an established playwright.
He wrote sixty-three plays and his output as novelist, critic, pamphleteer, essayist and private correspondent was prodigious.
An ardent socialist, Shaw wrote many brochures and speeches for the Fabian Society.