Seneca the Elder mentions a husband who killed his wife and her female lover and implies that their crime was worse than that of adultery between a male and female.
The Babyloniaca of Iamblichus describes an Egyptian princess named Berenice who loves and marries another woman.
And these were they that did defile their bodies behaving as women: and the women that were with them were they that lay with one another as a man with a woman.
This novelist also states that such love is "wild and lawless".
Another example of the gender-sexual worldview of the times was documented in Lucian's Dialogues of the Courtesans, in which Megilla renames herself Megillus and wears a wig to cover her shaved head.
The lesbian love story between Iphis and Ianthe, in Book IX of Ovid's the Metamorphoses, is most vivid.
When Iphis' mother becomes pregnant, her husband declares that he will kill the child if it is a girl.
Lesbianism is the sexual and romantic desire between females.
There are far fewer historical mentions of lesbianism than male homosexuality, due to many historical writings and records focusing primarily on men.Kenneth Dover suggests that, due to the role played by the phallus in ancient Greek men's conceptions of sexuality, female homosexual love was not conceivable as a category to the authors of our surviving sources.Nonetheless, there are a few references to female homosexuality in ancient Greek literature.The love of the two girls is written sympathetically: References to love between women are sparse.Phaedrus attempted to explain lesbianism through a myth of his own making: Prometheus, coming home drunk from a party, had mistakenly exchanged the genitals of some women and some men – "Lust now enjoys perverted pleasure." It is quite clear that paiderastia and lesbianism were not held in equally good light, possibly because of the violation of strict gender roles.Similarly, there is some evidence that Spartan women engaged in homosexual activities.