There was a flourishing of ceramic production in Saxony, Dippoldiswalde, already been baking stoneware at temperatures 1200-1300 s.probably that is why experiments Bettger began in this area. Chemistry as a science in its modern sense did not exist.In China, any ceramic, baking with sufficiently high temperatures and clinging to postukivanii, known as porcelain.
German alchemist Johann Friedrich Bettger, as any good Alchemist, was getting thumbed gold.
In 1701, escaped from the Prussian King in Saxony, where he was in 1704, attracted important public matter of great commercial benefit, secrets of porcelain.
The Invention of Porcelain in Saxony | Pre Chinese history of European Porcelain | Chinese and Japanese Porcelain | Reconstruction of the true history of East China | Additional Technical Details, the Porcelain Stone | Glass Mark Porcelain | Epilogue.
History as a Respectable Business Move on to stories with Chinese porcelain.
Mixture, which was called"Versatz"("tab"), consisted of half the kaolin, White aluminium oxide, which does not melt, a quarter of feldspar, who served as a fluxing agent, and quarters of quartz. Porcelain mixture is stringy material, after making the forms they need drying in the open air. First, biscuit, roasting, the 900S, during the first firing of porcelain mass is compacted, and at the time of the second firing is glassiness.
At the time of the second firing in 1350-1450S flux wraps kaolin, remaining at the time of burning particulate, and enters into his pores. Glaze, which is similar to the porcelain, but in liquid form, is before the second firing and firing during the cult's surface.
Confidently assert that porcelain Chinese invented in unthinkable antiquity and for Millennium art in manufacturing reached a large porcelain tableware, figurines and other household and decorative items.
In the 16 century Chinese porcelain was highly impressed the imagination of Europe, has become a matter of luxury and aristocratic prestige. Details of the porcelain production technology we will see next, now, under the porcelain imply a wide range of materials which differ from conventional ceramics by some special qualities.
The real problem was that because of poor development of chemistry was not an accurate understanding of the process of obtaining porcelain (ceramics and in General, of course).