Among the Khanty people of the Irtysh River basin, a belief existed that the mammoth was some kind of a water spirit.According to other Khanty, the mammoth was a creature that lived underground, burrowing its tunnels as it went, and would die if it accidentally came to the surface.The largest known species reached heights in the region of 4 m (13.1 ft) at the shoulder and weights of up to 8 tonnes (8.8 short tons), while exceptionally large males may have exceeded 12 tonnes (13.2 short tons).
A mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideans commonly equipped with long, curved tusks and, in northern species, a covering of long hair.
They lived from the Pliocene epoch (from around 5 million years ago) into the Holocene at about 4,500 years ago in Africa, Europe, Asia, and North America. These mammoths lived in northern Africa and disappeared about 3 or 4 million years ago. The earliest known proboscideans, the clade that contains the elephants, existed about 55 million years ago around the Tethys Sea area.
trogontherii, with 18–20 ridges, which evolved in East Asia ca. By the late Pleistocene, mammoths in continental Eurasia had undergone a major transformation, including a shortening and heightening of the cranium and mandible, increase in molar hypsodonty index, increase in plate number, and thinning of dental enamel.
Due to this change in physical appearance, it became customary to group European mammoths separately into distinguishable clusters: There is speculation as to what caused this variation within the three chronospecies.
With occasional warmings during the ice age, climate would change the landscape, and resources available to the mammoths altered accordingly.
who was on the Ob River in 1722, said that mammoth tusks were well known in the area.
These inferences were made through the observation of mammoth feces, which scientists observed contained non-arboreal pollen and moss spores.
The Yamal baby mammoth Lyuba, found in 2007 in the Yamal Peninsula in Western Siberia, suggests that baby mammoths, as do modern baby elephants, ate the dung of adult animals.
The first recorded use of the word as an adjective was in a description of a large wheel of cheese (the "Cheshire Mammoth Cheese") given to Jefferson in 1802.
Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large.
Growth of the permanent set was at a rate of about 2.5 to 15.2 cm (1 to 6 in) per year.