Spain also holds two cities, Ceuta and Melilla, on the Mediterranean coast of Morocco.Spain's perimeter is mountainous, the mountains generally rising from relatively narrow coastal plains.The Basque language is unrelated to any living language or known extinct ones; this fact is the principal touchstone of a Basque sense of separateness.
Important regions within the modern nation are the Basque Country (País Vasco), the Catalan-Valencian-Balearic area, and Galicia—each of which has its own language and a strong regional identity.
Others are Andalucía and the Canary Islands; Aragón; Asturias; Castile; Extremadura; León; Murcia; and Navarra, whose regional identities are strong but whose language, if in some places dialectic, is mutually intelligible with the official Castilian Spanish.
So, take a stroll down memory lane to remember all of our past Word of the Year selections.
The name España is of uncertain origin; from it derived the Hispania of the roman Empire.
Spain is separated from North Africa on the south by the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea, which also washes Spain's entire east coast.
The Balearic Islands lie in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic, off the coast of Africa.
A recognition of difference among Spaniards is woven into the very fabric of Spanish identity; most Spaniards begin any discussion of their country with a recitation of Spain's diversity, and this is generally a matter of pride.
Spaniards' commitment to Spain's essential diversity is the benchmark from which any student of things Spanish must depart.
It is essential to realize that outsiders can legitimately consider some of Spain's diversity as imagined every bit as much as its unity might be—that is, Spaniards sort their differences with a fine-toothed comb and create measures of local and regional differences which might fail tests of general significance by other measures.
The majority of Spaniards endorse the significance of local differences together with an overarching unity, which makes them regard Spain's inhabitants as Spanish despite their variety.
The Catalan language, like Spanish, is a Romance language, lacking the mysterious distinction that Basque has.